thnicity is not just a matter of personal identity. Various
political, legal, and economic issues invariably arise when
different ethnic groups cohabit a region. Although the dominant Western
political attitude is that race and ethnicity should not be factors in any
aspect of public life, differential treatment based on race, nationality,
or ethnic origin still occurs. Racism and various forms of discrimination
are the most obvious examples of differential treatment. Seeking to right
previous wrongs, however, governments may become executors of differential
treatment themselves through policies and programs that are designed to
eliminate race and ethnicity as socio-economic determinants. Proponents
see this as a necessary evil that should be kept in place in some form
until the goal of political, social, and economic equality among all
ethnicities and races is reached. Opponents, however, often charge that
such policies and programs do not work, and that they constitute reverse
discrimination and do more harm than good to racial and ethnic
On this page we have collected discussions from H-Net networks that deal
with various such political, legal, and economic issues. Many of them
originate in and revolve around California's Proposition 187, a proposed
law to bar illegal immigrants from certain government services in the
State of California, but go on to deal with political, legal, and
economic issues in broader terms. There is also much material relating
to racial and ethnic classification on the US census in the year 2000.
How do the anti-discrimination, affirmative action and multicultural diversity types of policy differ from each other?
viewpoints and a spirited discussion from H-Ethnic.
I am working on a piece comparing immigration policy in the US and Britain and need to extend the American case study beyond immigration law. Can anyone point me to a concise summary of naturalization legislation and procedures for the period 1900-1925?
In connection with the upcoming US census for the year 2000, racial and
ethnic classification categories are being reevaluated. The Office of
Management and Budget put out the following statement regarding its
Directive No. 15, Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and
"During the past few years, OMB's Statistical Policy Directive
No. 15, Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and
Administrative Reporting, has come under increasing criticism. These
standards are used governmentwide for recordkeeping, collection, and
presentation of data on race and ethnicity in Federal statistical
activities and program administrative reporting. Since the standards were
first issued 17 years ago, citizens who report information about
themselves and users of the information collected by Federal agencies have
indicated that the categories set forth in Directive No. 15 are becoming
less useful in reflecting the diversity of our Nation's population.
Accordingly, OMB currently is undertaking a review of the racial and
ethnic categories in the Directive."
This elicited much response and debate on H-Ethnic. Below you will find
some of the most interesting material, including the text and some
background to OMB Directive No. 15.
OMB Directive No. 15.
A statement from the Association of MultiEthnic Americans, presented before the House Subcommittee on the census.
A statement from the Conference of Americans of Germanic Heritage, presented before the Office of Management and Budget.
An H-Ethnic debate on racial classification of European Americans, originating in the statement from the Conference of Americans of Germanic heritage.
An early update on OMB's response to voiced concerns, and an interview with Dr. Marvin Arnold on the appropriateness of a multiracial category on the census.
An H-Ethnic debate on California's Proposition 187. Includes news digests.
Can GOP make inroads in African-American, Hispanic, and Asian middle class? That was why some GOP opposed CA Prop 187.
H-Pol members reply.
News digest from H-Ethnic on international responses to Proposition 187.
The Migration Challenge: Europe's Crisis in Historical Perspective.